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Interior de la basílica san pedro en vaticano 131165721

Basílica de San Pedro (St. Peter's Basilica)

The more important Catholic church in the world.
Location Rome

St. Peter's Basilica, one of the four papal or major basilicas in Rome, is the largest church in the Catholic world. It is neither the official seat of the pope, nor the first basilica of Rome, nor the parish of Vatican City, but it is the main papal church. It is where most of the papal ceremonies are held. Nor is it the Cathedral of Rome, as it is the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, the first basilica of Rome.

Its construction, begun by decision of Pope Julius II, started in 1506 on the site of the ancient Constantinian basilica and was completed in 1626. Several architects were involved in its construction, including Donato Bramante (the project's first architect), Michelangelo and Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also the architect of St. Peter's Square, whose famous colonnade is the border between Italy and Vatican City).

According to Christian tradition and historical and scientific evidence, the tomb of St. Peter is under the high altar of the basilica. Also most of the popes have been buried in St. Peter's since early Christian times.

St. Peter's Basilica is one of the most sacred places in Catholicism, as well as being of unparalleled beauty.

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Fontana de Trevi

Rome's largest Baroque fountain
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Foro Romano (Roman Forum)

Public space equivalent to the central square in modern cities
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Piazza Spagna in Rome

Famous for its staircase, it is a favourite meeting place in Rome.
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Vatican Museums

Invaluable artistic heritage of the Catholic Church.
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The Roman Coliseum

Former site of gladiatorial combat and multiple spectacles
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